Children in Conflict

Girls run and play at a transition centre for children in contact with the law

Children are the first victims during war.

Nearly 250 million children live in areas affected by prolonged, violent conflict. During war, children are especially vulnerable to abuse, exploitation and trafficking. In emergencies, UNICEF works to care for children who have been separated from their families, to create protective "child-friendly" spaces and to offer medical treatment and counseling.

In countries experiencing conflict and upheaval, UNICEF protects children from military conscription, works to stop trafficking and helps child soldiers reintegrate into their communities.

UNICEF advocates to protect children and women from the systematic sexual violence that is increasingly used as a weapon of war and works to help victims of that abuse. Without protection from violence and exploitation, the basic survival and development of children at risk.

Fast Fact