How UNICEF Gets Vital Supplies to Where They're Needed Most
When disaster strikes, UNICEF's supply operation springs into action to get medicine, sanitation kits and other emergency items to children and families in need within 72 hours. A look at the impact of UNICEF's supply operation in 2018.
Whenever a storm or other extreme weather event — like Hurricane Dorian — threatens to devastate an area of the world where children and families are particularly vulnerable, the UNICEF supply operation gets ready. Emergency supplies are pre-positioned for delivery once needs are assessed, in coordination with local authorities.
And UNICEF is able to get vital supplies to their destination in as quickly as 48 to 72 hours, thanks to an increasingly sophisticated supply and logistics operation headquartered at the UNICEF supply warehouse in Copenhagen, the largest facility of its kind in the world.
The main types of supplies that UNICEF procures are vaccines, medicines and health supplies; water and sanitation items; Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) and other nutritional supplements; and classroom learning materials. In 2018 alone, UNICEF mobilized $412.6 million in emergency supplies to support humanitarian relief efforts in Nigeria, South Sudan, Venezuela and over 50 other countries and areas.
Another $3 billion worth of goods and services were procured in 2018 to support ongoing interventions for vulnerable children in health, education and other key areas in 150 countries, including:
- 2.36 billion doses of vaccines to protect against measles, diphtheria, tetanus, HPV and other vaccine-preventable diseases, reaching nearly half the world’s children under age 5
- 1.26 billion water purification tablets and sachets of disinfectant to provide kids and families with safe water
- nearly 48,000 tons of RUTF to treat severely malnourished children
- 13.3 million bednets to protect against malaria and other mosquito-borne illnesses
- 4.5 million schoolbags and 84,000 education kits to help out-of-school kids get back to learning
With over 1,000 staff members around the world, UNICEF's Supply Division works year after year to increase efficiencies and otherwise improve results for children.
The job "is not as simple as buying products off the shelf," says Copenhagen-based Director of UNICEF Supply Division Etleva Kadilli. "It requires close collaboration with diverse partners to ensure children in different countries and areas get what they need to live, improve their lives and be safe and healthy.”
To fulfill that mission, UNICEF works with governments, businesses and other partners around the world, supporting the development of innovative products and approaches to better meet the needs of the hardest-to-reach. As situations in countries become more complex — especially during emergencies — the ability to adapt, and to do things differently, is critical in order to maximize impact for children and their families.
In 2018, UNICEF convened 11 separate industry consultations to discuss ways to improve delivery of essential goods and services to those who need them most. One of these landmark events — held in Abuja, Nigeria, with representatives from more than 30 sanitation manufacturers from Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana and Nigeria — has since spawned a new initiative to make household toilets and sanitation services more accessible and more affordable to children and families in West Africa.
UNICEF Supply has also worked to increase the proportion of goods it procures from local businesses, which shortens lead times, lowers shipping costs and reduces UNICEF's overall carbon footprint — while also spurring much-needed economic growth in those local markets.
Over half of the goods that UNICEF procures for children in Syria, for example — water, sanitation and hygiene kits; health and education supplies — come from local sources. In 2018, winter clothes procured from five local suppliers in Syria reached over half a million children affected by the ongoing conflict there.
And after years of working with partners to reshape the market for RUTF in 2018, a record 65 percent of the global supply of the peanut paste packets was procured from manufacturers in countries where UNICEF has nutrition programs. (In 2006, only 6 percent of RUTF was procured locally.)
UNICEF's relationships with multinational businesses are also important. When a measles outbreak sickened more than 2,200 men, women and children in Georgia, UNICEF's relationship with a major measles vaccine manufacturer was instrumental in securing access to 100,000 doses of the measles vaccine to contain the outbreak.
“The support of governments, businesses, donors and our partners on the ground has been invaluable in allowing us to reach millions of children as quickly as possible — yet the needs remain immense,” Kadilli says. “Sustainable, long-term funding must continue to be a priority for us to meet the needs of children in increasingly complex situations.”
For more information about UNICEF's supply operations and results for 2018, download the annual report.
For over 70 years, UNICEF has been putting children first, working to protect their rights and provide the assistance and services they need to survive and thrive. With a presence in 190 countries and territories, UNICEF has helped save more children’s lives than any other humanitarian organization in the world.
Top photo: A young Syrian refugee staying in a camp in East Lebanon receives a box of warm winter clothing provided by UNICEF as part of its annual distribution to vulnerable children and families in the region. Items that UNICEF procured from five local suppliers reached over half a million children affected by the ongoing conflict. © UNICEF/UN0326770