UNICEF has long viewed the private sector as a critical partner in advancing progress for children on a range of global issues — and climate change is no different.
To drive that point home, UNICEF worked to rally business leaders at COP26 to commit to putting child rights at the heart of climate action.
An expression of that commitment was included in a statement issued during a climate summit side event co-hosted by UNICEF and the International Chamber of Commerce. The statement, endorsed by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and others, commits signatories to set ambitious emissions reduction targets, shift to renewable energy sources and adopt other environmentally-friendly business practices. It also calls on governments to provide urgent climate action funding and fulfill their commitments under the Paris Agreement with an end goal to reach ‘net zero’ emissions by 2050.
“We are calling on captains of industry to work with us in co-creating solutions towards a green economy without delay, so that our children and future generations can inherit a liveable planet,” said Carla Haddad Mardini, UNICEF’s Director of Private Sector Partnerships.
The move follows the release of a UNICEF study that found that barely one-third of national climate policies were "child sensitive." For the study, UNICEF examined Nationally Determined Contributions – or NDCs – submitted by countries that signed the Paris Agreement, reviewing 103 country plans.
"Only 1 in 5 [country plans] reference child rights or intergenerational justice and equity in a meaningful way," Gautam Narasimhan, UNICEF Global Lead for Climate, Energy and Environment said. Only 12 percent report that children participated in the development of the plan, he added.
"Countries are saying the right things about considering and including children but their climate plans leave their promises hollow," Narasimhan said. "Children and young people bring energy, leadership and ideas to the table and yet leaders continue to pay lip service to their demands."
For UNICEF, addressing and mitigating climate change impacts is about upholding the rights of children to live in clean, safe, healthy environments. But how businesses go about it could also violate children's rights or have other negative effects, UNICEF experts warn.
"There are well-known risks associated with the minerals necessary for the green transition — cobalt, for example," explained Maria Pia Bianchetti, a UNICEF expert on child rights and business in a video posted on Twitter and elsewhere. "The green transition also risks pushing children into poverty, and increasing the risks of child labor among children who are displaced by climate change impacts, she added.
A 10-point plan for driving climate action
"While businesses have contributed to climate change, they can and should be part of the solution," Bianchetti said. "What we ask businesses to do is to ... ensure that mitigation and adaptation efforts do not infringe on human and child rights and to advocate for their peers to do the same."
UNICEF offers 10 ways businesses can help make it happen:
- Include young people in all climate negotiations and decisions
- Invest in climate adaptation and resilience in key services for children
- Fund innovations to address the effects of climate change on children
- Support children with climate education and green skills
- Drastically reduce emissions by at least 45 percent from 2021 level by 2030
- Ensure the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic is green, low-carbon and inclusive
- Consider children's needs and interests when considering corporate social responsibility (ESG) initiatives
- Join efforts with stakeholders to respond to climate-related emergencies
- Advocate for governments to develop and enhance policies that promote climate action
- Donate to UNICEF’s Safe and Healthy Environment Fund
During one panel discussion, part of the Make Climate Action Everyone's Business Forum, businesses leaders emphasized the need for industry to scale investments in social infrastructure to ensure that schools, health centers, water and sanitation and critical systems can withstand climate shocks.
In one exchange, UNICEF spokesperson James Elder, acting as panel moderator, asked Charlotte Petri Gornitzka, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director, how businesses could best contribute. "What solutions do you see that are aiming to protect kids and their communities from this crisis —and how do businesses scale them up so they get to a level that is actually meaningful?" Elder asked.
"The long-term solution is reduction in emissions — and of course business needs to be there — but there is no excuse not to be much more at the table when it comes to adaptation," Gornitzka responded. "And that’s where we need to remind ourselves that children are at risk and it’s happening now. So we cannot just wait for the long term, we have to act now."
There's a lot that industry can do across critical sectors such as education, health and water — to make sure the infrastructure is resilient to climate change and to prevent disruptions in essential services, Gornitzka continued. But they need to think big. "We don’t need businesses to look good by investing in small projects and writing about them in their annual report," she said. "We need them to use their core business, to use knowledge from pilot projects that we know work and bring them to scale. Business is all about that. They can teach how to go to scale."
Taking responsibility for the consequences of business actions — good and bad
Businesses need to look at the "whole value chain" and take responsibility for the consequences of rising demand for minerals associated with child labor, she added.
Meghna Das, a UNICEF senior program specialist on sustainability, voiced similar views in a separate communication. "Climate change is an interconnected problem which requires interconnected solutions across the life cycle of a child, from immediate emergency response to long-term, sustainable development and low-carbon development, as well as climate-resilient services for children — climate-smart schools, health facilities, WASH facilities," she said in a video address.
"We need everyone to help us address this urgent climate crisis for children, from government partners to private sector partners, teachers, parents, students, children, young people — everyone. Join us."
Top photo: A child in Jonglei State, South Sudan, where already vulnerable families are suffering the compounded effects of multi-year flooding related to climate change — a striking example of how changing weather patterns are affecting where people can live, where food can grow and where societies can exist. Everything In Jonglei has been disrupted, from the economy to health to education, Lynsey Addario writes in her coverage for National Geographic. UNICEF is on the ground treating severely malnourished children and providing emergency health care amid rising cases of malaria, diarrhea and other diseases. Supplies have to be carried into affected areas on foot. Yves Willemot, chief of communication for UNICEF in South Sudan: "South Sudanese are paying the price for something that they are very much the very last ones to be responsible for." © UNICEF/UN0475188/