A UNICEF assessment of the needs of families affected by the August 2020 chemical explosion at the port of Beirut found that 98 percent of those families still need support, their situation magnified by a collapsing economy, political instability and the COVID-19 pandemic.
UNICEF's findings, released on the eve of the one-year anniversary of the disaster — the details of which remain under investigation — highlights the severity of the trauma children suffered and related hardships that families have experienced and continue to endure. Seven in 10 households requested basic assistance after the Aug. 4, 2020 blast. Almost all of those families are still seriously struggling.
UNICEF survey shows families in Lebanon are still suffering, one year after explosion in Beirut
The explosion devastated large swathes of Lebanon's capital city, killing more than 200 people, among them six children, and injuring more than 6,500, including 1,000 children. As businesses were destroyed, tens of thousands of workers lost their jobs, leaving them unable to feed their families or pay for basic health care for their children.
One-third of the families said at least one child in their household was still showing signs of psychological distress. Among the adults, the rate is almost half.
"Those families have been struggling to recover from the aftermath of the explosions at the worst possible time – in the middle of a devastating economic crisis and a major pandemic," Yukie Mokuo, UNICEF's representative in Lebanon, said.
Conducted in July via telephone interviews with 1,187 households, the survey also found:
- two in three families — 68.6 percent — haven't had access to health care or medication since the port disaster last August
- one in four families had at least one household member who tested positive for COVID-19 since the explosions
- nearly all families said their homes needed repairs due to damage from the blasts; about half said repairs were still needed a year later
- four in 10 said their water supply system was affected; for a quarter of those families, this is still the case
- four in 10 families have at least one member who lost employment, half of whom remain unemployed
- remote learning due to COVID-19 school closures has created deep inequalities, with 25 percent of families unable to afford to provide their children with access to online learning
A separate assessment conducted in April revealed that 30 percent of families in Lebanon are deeply pessimistic about their children's futures, and rank education, safety and security, health, and nutrition as their top concerns. UNICEF is leveraging the survey findings to build on existing aid programs.
“Lebanon has been in free fall struggling with a triple crisis: economic, political and the COVID-19 pandemic," said Ted Chaiban, UNICEF regional director in the Middle East and North Africa. "If change, recovery and accountability don’t happen now, they might not happen at all, taking the country further into abyss and a place of no return.”
UNICEF deployed a rapid response at the time the Lebanon explosion occurred, rushing emergency supplies to affected families, and has been on the ground since, working to help stabilize children's lives. Millions of people have received water and sanitation support through UNICEF in the past year, according to UNICEF's Deputy Representative in Lebanon, Ettie Higgins. Some 35,000 children and caregivers coping with the psychological impact of the explosions receive mental health and related support from UNICEF-funded programs.
UNICEF and parters are laying a foundation for long-term recovery
UNICEF has also been heavily involved in laying the foundation for the country's long-term recovery, by repairing facilities and services that children need to return to normality. This includes repairing three health facilities and recruiting staff to run them; rehabilitating 13 public and private schools and re-equipping 90 other schools; assessing 13,000 buildings for habitability; reestablishing water connections to 1,300 buildings where 23,000 people live; and engaging 2,700 young people in a major clean-up and rehabilitation effort and to distribute meals.
Another critical longer-term recovery project is the rehabilitation of the Karantina hospital, particularly the newborn unit and the maternity and obstetric ward. While work is underway, UNICEF is ensuring the continuation of emergency care for mothers, newborns and children. (Rehabilitation works started in April 2021 and the new hospital should be operational by early 2022.)
Before the port blast, Karantina provided emergency care to 1,000 newborns and children per year. The new hospital will service around 500,000 people from vulnerable neighborhoods in the city of Beirut and nearby suburbs, including 150,000 children. The increased capacity will allow for up to 2,000 emergency hospitalizations and more than 25,000 mother/child consultations annually.
Results show UNICEF support is reaching tens of thousands of vulnerable children — but more needs to be done
As part of its emergency response over the past year, UNICEF has also reached:
- 80,000 people with emergency cash grants to buy food and cover other essentials
- 7,200 children, parents and primary caregivers with mental health and psychosocial support services, through peer-to-peer sessions and Child-Friendly Spaces set up by UNICEF in affected areas
- 1,600 girls and women with psychosocial first aid and psychosocial support, information on safety and gender-based violence risks and referrals to mental health services as needed
- 45,700 children under age 5 with essential nutrition supplements, including Vitamin A, high energy biscuits and emergency food rations for families
- 17,000 caregivers of very young children with counseling on child feeding and nutrition
- 25,000 children with routine immunizations
- nearly 20,000 caregivers and older children with hygiene and baby care supplies and COVID-19 infection test kits
UNICEF is calling for support from the international community and donors to expand all of its programs to meet urgent needs in Lebanon — including efforts to shore up the public water system, which is at risk of failing. UNICEF is also urging Lebanese national authorities to step up social protection measures and support for critical water, health and education systems as key to long-term child survival and development.
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Top photo: Amal, 13, (pictured) and her sister helped clear debris at their school in Achrafieh in the days following the Aug. 4, 2020 port explosion in Beirut. “We’ve been going there for seven years,” Amal says. "It was like our second home. How could we not be part of the clean-up?” © UNICEF/UN0495267/Choufany. Videos by Tong Su for UNICEF USA.