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Three years of civil war, climate shock and a collapsing economy have triggered a famine in northern-central South Sudan, the United Nations announced Monday. A formal famine declaration means people are already dying from hunger. Some 100,000 people are now facing starvation and a further 1 million are on the brink of famine. Over 270,000 South Sudanese children are severely malnourished. "Our worst fears have been realized," said Serge Tissot of the U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organization.
An estimated 5.5 million South Sudanese will face severe food shortages this year
The East African nation seceded from Sudan in 2011 after decades of conflict that, to date, have driven 3.4 million people from their homes and placed 8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. An estimated 42 percent of South Sudan's population — nearly 5 million people — are now suffering from severe food shortages, and the number is projected to reach 5.5 million at the height of the lean season in July if nothing is done to curb the severity and spread of the food crisis.
Half of all harvests have been lost
Many farmers have been unable to plant crops amidst the violence, and half of all harvests have been lost. Food is scarce in this once fertile country. "Over a quarter of a million children are already severely malnourished," said Jeremy Hopkins, a UNICEF official in South Sudan. "If we do not reach these children with urgent aid, many of them will die."
Where it is most urgently needed, UNICEF is delivering aid
UNICEF is on the ground, working to help the children of South Sudan. In 2016 alone, UNICEF and partners treated 182,545 children under the age of five for severe acute malnutrition and vaccinated 443,289 children against measles. UNICEF is supporting 620 outpatient therapeutic program sites and about 50 inpatient therapeutic sites across the country to provide children with urgently needed treatment.
But there is much more work to do.