Since the coronavirus pandemic began, school closures have disrupted the education of 1.5 billion children and young people globally. Some countries have begun to cautiously reopen schools, but nearly 70 percent of the global student population — more than 1.2 billion children in more than 160 countries — remain out of the classroom.
Below, Robert Jenkins, UNICEF Global Chief of Education, explains some of the ways UNICEF is working to help teachers, children and parents adapt to remote learning, while establishing guidelines for what countries will need to do to ensure that students, teachers and other staff can return to the classroom safely.
What is UNICEF doing around the world to keep kids learning during the COVID-19 pandemic?
ROBERT JENKINS: UNICEF is supporting a wide range of tools to support remote learning, depending on the context. They range from low- to no- tech options such as delivering learning materials to children at home, and supporting the creation of education programs on radio and TV. Then there are "higher tech" learning tools to reach children who have access to the internet in their homes.
What are the primary tools that teachers need to successfully engage students at a distance?
ROBERT JENKINS: The challenge is providing the right learning tool in each context. "Live instruction" is indeed very powerful, but often not possible, and of course comes with the downside of being fixed in terms of scheduling, at a time when many families need greater flexibility in how and when their children can learn. The key is to start with the learning outcome and then work backwards, adopting the right tool for each context. That shows the most promising results.
What are you hearing from educators and school systems UNICEF works with? How are students adapting to this new learning environment?
ROBERT JENKINS: I'm really inspired by what children, teachers and my UNICEF colleagues are doing around the world. In Somalia, lessons are being broadcast over radio and television and recorded lessons are being uploaded onto solar-powered tablets. In Mongolia, we helped to produce TV lessons in the local languages, Tuvan and Kazakh, which reach around 13,000 children from ethnic minority groups in the first month of the crisis.
In Bangladesh, UNICEF is helping the government share learning content over TV, radio, mobile phone and internet platforms. In Paraguay, we've developed video and audio content for children between the ages of 0 and 6. And in Timor-Leste, Ukraine and Kosovo, they've launched the Learning Passport, a really exciting partnership between UNICEF and Microsoft to help children access their school curriculum remotely.
How can parents help children adjust to remote learning?
ROBERT JENKINS: Here are some simple tips we've been recommending to parents: Try to establish a routine that factors in learning, playtime and reading. Take your time. Start with shorter learning sessions and make them progressively longer. Have open conversations. Encourage your child to ask questions and express their feelings. Establish rules together about how, when and where the internet can be used and set up parental controls where necessary, particularly for young children. Find out how to stay in touch with your child's teacher or school to stay informed, ask questions and get more guidance.
What are some of the considerations for reopening schools?
ROBERT JENKINS: When schools reopen, we can't simply return to business as usual. Before the pandemic, we already had a learning crisis with more than half of all children in low- and middle-income countries unable to read and understand a simple story by the end of primary school. We must ensure that when schools reopen, every child is included and learns; every child has access to school-based health, hygiene and nutrition services; and every child is connected to the internet. This global disruption can be a catalyst for a once-in-a-lifetime transformation in our schools, so that every child learns the skills they need to succeed in life, school and work.
The key is to make the "new normal" better for children. That is, better learning outcomes, but also more support for children in terms of their health and well-being.
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Top photo: On April 9, 2020, 9-year-old Maria follows a pre-recorded lesson on her father’s mobile phone in a tent at the Kili IDP camp in rural Idlib, Syria. © UNICEF/UNI322672/Suleiman