Floods and heavy rains are normal for this time of year in East Africa, but unusually severe flooding is putting more than 1 million people at risk in South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Tanzania. The rains began in July and are likely to continue at least until the end of November.
Severe flooding across East Africa is putting families at risk in South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Tanzania
Whole towns have been submerged in South Sudan, displacing families, contaminating water sources and deepening existing health crises. UNICEF is working with the Government of South Sudan and partners to respond to the floods with emergency lifesaving assistance.
In Pibor, UNICEF South Sudan and Humanitarian workers are reaching all flood-affected areas, they are working on mobilising a response to support persons, mainly children in need due to the flooding. #Pibor #Floods pic.twitter.com/WM4pGwdDEC— UNICEF South Sudan (@unicefssudan) October 29, 2019
An estimated 70,000 families in South Sudan have been forced out of their homes. Schools are closed and classrooms are being used as emergency shelters, interrupting children's educations.
Sixty percent of the 32 counties affected by floods had extreme levels of malnutrition before the heavy rain began. Flooding has caused the suspension of service at 42 nutrition centers and is likely to increase the risk of acute malnutrion among children, due to high levels of malaria and poor access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene. Damaged crops and submerged grazing lands will deepen the already serious food situation in South Sudan.
UNICEF and partners are providing water purification tablets, hygiene kits, malnutrition screenings, immunizations and more
"In South Sudan, water is normally associated with life. Now, water is putting children's lives at risk," said Dr. Mohamed Ag Ayoya, UNICEF Representative in South Sudan. "UNICEF is extremely concerned about children's health in the affected areas with an increase in malaria and waterborne diseases such as diarrhea, two of the major child killers in South Sudan."
To meet the urgent needs of children affected by flooding, UNICEF is working with the Government of South Sudan and partners to:
- Conduct field missions assessing the situation on the ground
- Distribute water purification tablets and thousands of hygiene kits to prevent waterborne diseases
- Screen and treat children for acute malnutrition
- Target hundreds of boreholes with handpumps to be repaired and disinfected
- Set up temporary learning spaces so children can resume their educations
- Conduct outreach immunization campaigns
"Flood is a harmful cocktail for children," said Agoya. "It increases the risk of exploitation and abuse, it affects their health and education and can also take their lives if we don't respond quickly. UNICEF is calling on donors to ensure the response to childfren and their families in the flood-affected areas is prompt and adequate."
Major investment in disaster reduction is needed to prevent more flooding in the future
Looking forward, "We need to seriously invest in disaster reduction measures," said Alain Noudéhou, the United Nations humanitarian coordinator in South Sudan. "We need to build dikes to create a water management system for the future. If we don't, they in a year or two we'll have the same heavy rains and people will be forced to move out of their homes again."
UNICEF is appealing for $5 million to respond to the most immediate needs of children in flood-affected areas.
Top photo: A boy stands in one of the flooded areas of Panyagor, South Sudan in October 2019. © UNICEF/UNI220908/Ryeng