The conflict across central and northern Iraq has caused an estimated 500,000 Iraqis, including 250,000 children, to flee from Mosul and surrounding areas.
Families seeking safety are traveling from town to town, moving in with friends and relatives and pouring into displacement camps. Humanitarian workers are struggling to keep up with the influx at sites such as the Khazir camp, shown above and below.
The influx from the three-year-old conflict in neighboring Syria puts an additional burden on Iraq's hospitals and public services. A school at the Domiz camp for Syrian refugees in northern Iraq is shown below.
Officials confirmed in March that polio has spread from Syria to Iraq. Emergency polio immunization campaigns in many cities have been disrupted by the recent violence. UNICEF and the World Health Organization have been working to vaccinate 20 million children in response to the regional outbreak.
Without clean water and adequate sanitation, the outbreak of disease is certain. UNICEF is trucking in 400,000 liters of water every day to displaced families and has installed latrines at the Khazir camp, shown above.
Hygiene kits are among the 33 metric tons of emergency supplies that have already arrived in UNICEF humanitarian airlifts to Erbil, shown below.