Crisis in South Sudan
For over 70 years, UNICEF has been putting children first, working to protect their rights and provide the assistance and services they need to survive and thrive all over the world.
Did You Know?
- More than 1 million children in South Sudan are malnourished — 300,000 severely so
- 60 percent of people in South Sudan don’t know where their next meal is coming from
- Violence has displaced more than 4 million people, 60 percent of them children
- The ongoing crisis in South Sudan is fueling extremely high rates of infant mortality: 90 of every 1,000 infants born will die
- 1.8 million children are out of school; just 40 percent of those in school are girls
- Only 50 percent of the population has access to safe water, 10 percent, basic sanitation
- Over 60 percent practice open defecation – a recipe for deadly waterborne diseases
- Over 70 percent of school-age children are not receiving an education
- Around 19,000 children held by armed groups are serving as fighters, cooks, porters and messengers; many suffer sexual abuse
The conflict and underdevelopment that has plagued South Sudan for decades has taken a heavy toll on its children. Though the prospects for children appeared to improve with the country’s declaration of independence from the Republic of Sudan in 2011, optimism was quickly eclipsed when civil war broke out in 2013.
Since then, war has devastated the lives of millions. Large-scale displacement has separated many children from their families, disrupting their education and exposing them to violence, exploitation and forced recruitment into armed groups. The violence has been particularly hard on girls.
The peace deal President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed last September could mean a safer 2019 for all. But so far, a total cessation of violence has remained elusive. In mid-January a fresh outbreak of violence blocked humanitarian access to affected areas, ultimately sending thousands of desperate civilians to neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo.
This latest displacement of an estimated 8,000 people, most of them women, children and elderly, underscored the caution with which David Shearer of the United Nations' South Sudan mission greeted the prospects for peace:
“There’s still much to be agreed on and achieved. Building trust and confidence between the parties as well as with the people of South Sudan is the biggest challenge ahead.”
Meet Gift. He lives in South Sudan, where, thanks to UNICEF, he received a kind of lifesaving treatment for malnutrition that’s working miracles for millions of children around the world.
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- In 2018, UNICEF provided lifesaving treatment to more than 176,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition, including many in highly inaccessible regions
- More than 750,000 pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers attended support groups and recieved counseling to help them give their children the nutrition they need to grow up healthy and strong
- Nearly half a million people were provided access to safe water
- UNICEF vaccinated over 790,000 children against measles, a leading cause of death in children
- Since February 2018, more than 1,000 children have been released by various armed groups
- UNICEF helped 550,000 children who were out of school get back to learning by rehabilitating schools damaged by the conflict, training teachers, distributing textbooks and classroom supplies and creating safe places where children could study and play
- Nearly 213,000 children received emotional support
Meet the Children of South Sudan
One-year-old Angar is safe in her mother’s arms — and healthy — after a three-month treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Born premature, Angar was on the verge of death when a UNICEF-supported mobile nutrition team met her and her mother during a visit to their village. Because there was no health center near her home, the team brought Angar to a stabilization center, where she was treated with Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food. After one week, she was strong enough to be referred to an outpatient mobile clinic, beginning to gain weight and breastfeeding well. “Without UNICEF, I would have lost her,” says her grateful mother.
17-year-old Achiro studies hard, loves science and enjoys being a member of her school’s UNICEF hygiene club. She wants to be a doctor one day, so she knows the importance of the topics they discuss, like proper handwashing, sanitation maintenance, and environmental hygiene. But she also appreciates how much easier the club has made her monthly periods. At clubs like hers, girls can talk about tough issues like gender-based violence, and pick up sanitary pads, which are expensive and unavailable to most families. “Now, we still come to school and attend classes,” says Achiro. “No problem!”
“They will kill me if they find me,” says James, who’s been looking over his shoulder ever since he escaped from the armed group that abducted him nearly four years ago. James’s ordeal began when soldiers dragged him off a bus into the bush, gave him a gun and sent him to fight. James managed to escape to a town, where a UNICEF-supported vocational training center helped him and other forcibly conscripted children reintegrate into the community and learn skills he needed to move ahead with his life. With that support, James is now taking comfort in a productive daily routine and learning electronics.
UNICEF and partners are working tirelessly in South Sudan, Syria, Yemen, Bangladesh and around the world to save and protect children. With a presence in 190 countries and territories, UNICEF has helped save more children’s lives than any other humanitarian organization in the world.